Alcohol Screening and Testing Services
A blood alcohol test measures the amount of alcohol (ethanol) in your body. Alcohol is quickly absorbed into the blood and can be measured within minutes of having an alcoholic drink. The amount of alcohol in the blood reaches its highest level about an hour after drinking. But food in the stomach may increase the amount of time it takes for the blood alcohol to reach its highest level. About 90% of alcohol is broken down in the liver. The rest of it is passed out of the body in urine and your exhaled breath.
Alcohol has a noticeable effect on the body, even when consumed in small amounts. In large amounts, alcohol acts as a sedative and depresses the central nervous system.
A blood alcohol test is often used to find out whether you are legally drunk or intoxicated. If this test is being done for legal reasons, a consent form may be required, but refusing to take the test may have legal consequences.
The detection of EtG and EtS offers greater sensitivity and accuracy for determination of recent ethanol ingestion, than by detection of either biomarker alone. EtG is a direct metabolite of alcohol (ethanol). Its presence in urine may be used to detect recent ethanol ingestion, even after ethanol is no longer measurable. The presence of EtG in urine is an indicator that ethanol was ingested and can be detected in urine for up to 80 hours after ingestion. EtG is only evident when ethanol is ingested and is not produced as a result of fermentation. The key benefit of this type testing is that it detects recent ingestion more accurately and for a longer period of time than standard alcohol tests. The EtG/EtS Urine Test is ideal for zero tolerance treatment programs and abstinence enforcement. It takes 3-5 days for urine to eliminate these metabolites, so a urine alcohol test will return a positive result if someone has used alcohol within this time frame.
When you drink alcohol, your body absorbs the alcohol and sets to work metabolizing it, or breaking it down into any useful parts. The byproducts of metabolism are called metabolites and EtG is a metabolite that is formed when alcohol is metabolized. An EtG test examines a person’s hair for this metabolite. If it is present, the person has used alcohol within the last three months or so.
A saliva alcohol screen may be used as an alternative to a breath alcohol test by non-DOT employers. Indicators of alcohol use will typically persist in a person’s saliva for 12-24 hours after drinking. That means that analyzing someone’s saliva for those indicators will determine whether that person has consumed alcohol sometime in the 24 hours prior to testing. The effects of the alcohol as it moves throughout the body include the symptoms we typically associate with intoxication. When someone has consumed alcohol recently, chemical indicators of that alcohol use can be found throughout the drinker’s body and body fluids. Ethyl alcohol is an intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine and liquor. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach into the bloodstream. Alcohol is metabolized in the liver but the liver can only metabolize a small amount of alcohol at a time, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the bloodstream. The immediate effects of alcohol on the body are directly related to the amount consumed. Individual reactions to alcohol vary and are influenced by many factors such as age, gender and the amount of food consumed before drinking. In most states, a person with an alcohol level of great than 0.08% is considered legally intoxicated. Some states and employers have stricter regulations.
As part of that process, biomarkers of alcohol consumption are deposited in nail tissue. After alcohol consumption, those biomarkers remain in the fingernail tissue for up to 90 days. The alcohol spreads throughout the drinker’s body, affecting body systems and being processed by organs as it goes. That means that, within 90 days of drinking, it can be determined whether or not the person has used alcohol. That makes it one of the very best options for those looking for a long-term alcohol usage history.
When someone drinks, the alcohol is carried throughout his or her body in the bloodstream. As it passes through the body, it affects each system and organ in the body, before it is eventually eliminated. Most of it is processed by the kidneys and eliminated through the urine, but a small percentage of it is eliminated by the lungs when the drinker breathes out. That small amount of alcohol in the drinker’s breath proportionally represents the drinker’s blood alcohol content, or BAC. FACTLab uses device known as a breathalyzer for a fast and way to gauge the amount of alcohol currently in a person’s system. A breathalyzer machine measures breath alcohol and closely estimates the person’s BAC.